The best Side of red brand canners hbr case solution



For more information on press-and-blow machines take a look at the Glassmaking & Glassmakers webpage.  These machines first started use inside the mid-1890s as semi-computerized machines (necessitating the hand feeding of glass) with full automation reached in the mid to late 1910s While using the addition of gob feeders.

Relationship summary/notes:  Gothic type sauce bottles are mostly affiliated with historic web sites that date through the interval spanning the late 1840s to early 1850s through the 1880s; the gothic sauce bottles pictured Here's standard of that era (Deiss 1981).  Glass color is nearly always aqua although from time to time other colors can be encountered from colorless or gentle amethyst (manganese dioxide de-colorized glass) to deep greens or blues (Switzer 1974; McKearin & Wilson 1978; Hawley 1998; Gerth 2006).

  It absolutely was intended to healthy the type of complete on this bottle, which in any other case appears like a capseat end.  This closure was patented in 1899 and consisted of the round glass lid using a rubber seal that in good shape into the "capseat" ledge, all of which was held set up by a spring clip went excessive of glass lid and hooked underneath the decrease edge of the complete (Kearns-Gorsuch Bottle Co. 1916).  Click spring top closure to perspective the pages with the 1916 Kearns-Gorsuch catalog that illustrate this closure.  Click on the following back links to perspective additional photos of the bottle:  base see exhibiting the embossing K. G. B. Co.; facet see; shut-up in the shoulder, neck and capseat complete.

The quart, applied groove ring wax seal canning jar pictured to the correct (end close-up below remaining) is embossed with SAN FRANCISCO / GLASS Performs.  This jar was also blown in a very post-bottom mildew, is rather crude ("whittled" uneven bubbly glass), and lacks any evidence of mold air venting.  This glass enterprise operated beneath this name from 1869 to 1876, although the jars from this mould were also probable generated as late since the early 1880s through the successor to that company - the San Francisco & Pacific Glass Performs (Toulouse 1971; Creswick 1987; Hinson 1995).  One interesting part relating to this distinct quart jar is that the mold utilized to really make it was also utilized for an previously as well as a later on jar - both with various embossing, Whilst this mold was not made for an interchangeable embossing plate.  How did this take place?  A detailed inspection with the pictured jar shows that there's the faint impact of the arched blank filler plate protected space just higher than the SAN FRANCISCO embossing.  The main or unique jar manufactured with this particular mold was embossed in this now lined arch with Slicing.AND.CO for your Cutting Packing Corporation (Zumwalt 1980).  This jar was certainly blown on the Pacific Glass Will work (San Francisco, CA.) who have been in company from 1862 to 1876, rather than through the short lived Baker & Slicing bottle factory (also in San Francisco and exactly the same Francis Reducing since the observed packing problem and the primary glass manufacturing facility during the American West) in business 1858-1859 (Zumwalt 1980).

Vertically ribbed "heal" sauce bottle (aqua bottle to much proper)  - This bottle is surely an early style that was useful for different sauces (Zumwalt 1980) however this instance nonetheless retains a fragmental label noting the contents would treat or remedy numerous ailments, i.e., it seems to own contained a patent medicine!  The bottle overall body and shoulder is vertically ribbed that has a horizontal ring about the reduce neck, incorporates a blowpipe pontil scar on The bottom, crudely used two-portion mineral style finish, and was blown in the publish-bottom mold which almost undoubtedly was not air vented given the likely date of manufacture in the 1850s or early 1860s.

On the list of earliest popular kinds carefully recognized with olive oil ended up bottles like that pictured into the left and appropriate.  These style bottles are tall and slender, staying a minimum of three occasions taller in your body compared to width.  The bottle to the left has no mould seams in proof indicating possibly no cost-blown (very likely) or dip mould generation (there is a extremely faint line or glass disjunction with the shoulder indicating this probability).  Furthermore, it contains a crudely tooled (or probably rolled and refired) complete, a crudely pushed up foundation (about 1.

  This merchandise could only be an illustration of bottle re-use, obtaining begun its life as a sauce bottle, or it could have been purchased new to include medication - there is no way to be aware of of course.  Click on the next backlinks for more pictures of the bottle:  foundation check out exhibiting the blowpipe design and style pontil scar; close-up on the shoulder, neck and finish; shut-up of the fragmental label exhibiting the medicinal claims.  (Pics from eBay®.)  This is certainly yet another illustration of how a single cannot be one hundred% positive what a bottle truly contained Except if pertinent embossing or the initial labeling is current.  It is likely, having said that, which the vast majority of those form bottles have been indeed employed for sauces.

The so-named "beehive" sauce bottles pictured towards the still left and appropriate had been used by the E. R. Durkee & Co. (New York) and are embossed on the base therefore.  (Photo to the correct courtesy of Glass Works Auctions.)  Click Durkee sauce base to discover a picture of the base.  The pictured bottles vary from 7" to seven.5" tall and could have tooled or applied double ring finishes and evidence (or not) of mold air venting according to the time of manufacture.

Machine-produced, external screw thread variations of these bottles in the typical condition and coloration ended up Utilized in the twenties and certain somewhat later (Zumwalt 1980).

Both equally the four (square) and 6 sided (hexagonal) models appear to have appeared concerning the exact time (1840s) and the two cross-part designs ongoing in use to a point as late because the early 20th century although each configurations of the design and style have been most favored from about 1850 in the 1880s (Deiss 1981; empirical observations).  The impression to the above mentioned correct displays a base watch of the two conformations.  Gothic sauce bottles ended up largely utilized for pepper sauces of various sorts While using the use for other sauces/condiments (catsup/ketchup and many syrups) transpiring to the lesser degree (Switzer 1974; McKearin & Wilson 1978).

Mouth-blown canning jars had been built in submit-base molds distinctly later than most other bottle categories excluding heavier glass beer and soda bottles and bigger storage bottles like carboys.  This really is according to the observation that larger potential and/or heavier bottles have been developed in publish-bottom molds into your the early 1900s whereas more compact and/or lighter bottles were mainly shifting to cup foundation molds from the late 1870s (empirical observations).

Although the assortment of different formed glass containers useful for foodstuff products was fairly comprehensive, several lessons of food items bottles and jars do share a couple traits in typical.  Particularly, bottles/jars meant for cumbersome sound meals goods (like preserved pickles, olives, fruits, and so on.) experienced to acquire a relatively extensive mouth (bore) in order to the aid the packing as well as extraction of such solutions.  (That is evident over the mid-19th century "cathedral" pickle bottle pictured to the above mentioned left.)  Some liquid meals containers like milk bottles (case in point to the correct) also had fairly huge mouths for Total ease of use (and cleaning for re-use) nevertheless other extra liquid foods goods (oil, sauces) worked pretty effectively with slender mouth bottles.

The facet mold seams vanish to some degree abruptly and distinctly below The bottom with the tooled, normally just one-element, end which may or may not Have a very capseat ledge on The within from the next page bore; There's nearly always proof of complete tooling in the shape of faint concentric, horizontal rings over the complete, and specifically, under the finish over the upper neck above the higher terminus on the facet mould seams;

  Specified this fact, sauces and condiment bottles are certainly usually related to historic sites dating from the complete time span coated by this Web page, i.e., 19th through mid-twentieth centuries.  Likely one of the most familiar instance and Just about the most typically observed "foodstuff" bottles would be the ubiquitous Lea & Perrins Worcestershire Sauce - an item that is still very common now (and talked over afterwards).

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